Weight Loss & Genetics
How Does Your Genetics Play a Role in Your Weight Loss Journey?
Two people can make the same diet and exercise changes with vastly different results. While diet and exercise are the key components to a healthy lifestyle, there are many variables that affect how you lose weight.
Genetics are one of the factors that influence your weight but are out of your control. The best you can do with genetics is understand how to work with them to achieve your weight loss and fitness goals.
Here is a guide to dealing with those genes that are affecting your weight loss journey:
The obesity genes — Two genes are responsible for your body’s efficient functioning with methylation, PGC1-alpha and Tfam. These two genes are specifically associated with obesity. Poor methylation causes low metabolism which means your body burns fat slower than and exhibits lower energy levels. This genetic predisposition may be the most difficult to overcome, but nothing is impossible. A lifestyle of healthy eating and exercise can counteract the effects of these two genes and allow you to reach your weight loss goals.
Fat burning genes — The primary gene involved in burning fat is PPARG. Activation of this protein builds fat cells and moves more fat into the blood. Over-activation of PPARG is associated with risk of heart disease and stroke. While you cannot control this gene, when you feed it appropriately, it will work for you. Consumption of saturated fats rather than unsaturated fats can keep PPARG activation in check and produce less fat and more lean body mass.
Food satisfaction genes — A gene referred to as FTO is the focus of obesity research because it is believed to play a vital role in food intake. FTO helps you experience satisfaction with food and determine that you are full. For people with active FTO, it can be difficult to stop eating. This gene can be controlled through regular exercise, though. For people with a dominance of FTO, at least 30 minutes of exercise each day is essential to their weight loss journey.
Your genetics are preprogrammed and there is nothing you can do to change them. That does not mean, however, that you cannot lose weight. Continuing medical research is discovering how environmental factors, like diet and exercise, effect how your genes express themselves.
You may have the obesity genes, but you are not predestined to be fat. By learning how to work with your natural genetic material, you can adopt a lifestyle that helps you attain and maintain a comfortable and healthy weight.
Don’t Give Up
If your weight loss journey has been frustrating in the past, it may be a result of your genetics. Fighting nature is not easy, but when you develop the tools to work with it, your weight loss journey will become easier. Seek out the diet and exercise regimens that work with your genetics to help you attain your goals.